Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Vocabulary

Graphs Dealing with Change

Going up

Nouns

A rise (of) :  there was a slight rise of prices in November.

An increase (in) : overall, there was a substantial increase in oil production.

A growth (in): there was a substantial growth in unemployment.

A peak (in): after a peak in production, there was a substantial fall.

A surge (in):in 1990 there was a short surge in car production.

An improvement: After the second world war there a significant improvement in the overall standard of living.

A climb: after a slight dip there was a considerate climb in the export rates.

 

Verbs

To rise: the death toll rose slightly.

To increase: the overall consumption increased significantly.

To grow: the production in coffee grew steadily.

To peak: the consumption of pizza peaked in the 90’s

To go up: after a small dip the inflation went up dramatically.

To climb: the production of smartphones climbed steadily.  

To improve:  the export of food will improve substantially in the next decade.

To recover (go back up again): the economy recovered gentilly after the enormous drop.

 

Going up a lot

Verbs

To rocket: the sales in electronics rocketed just before December.

To skyrocket: the prices in consumer goods skyrocketed

To soar: petrol and diesel prices soared to a new record high

To shoot up : the overall interest rate shot up by 50% in the given period

To leap (past:leapt): Air Macau’s profit leapt 243 percent to 70 million yuan last year

To surge (going up fast): Cryptojacking, the process of hijacking computers to mine cryptocurrency, surged in the last quarter of 2017 as the price of bitcoin shot up.

 

Going up steadily

Noun phrases

An upward trend: Generally, we can see a steady upward trend in smartphones’ sales.

An upward tendency: in the 90’s there was an upward tendency in crime rates.

To move upward: the share in apple moved upward modestly after March.

 

Going down

Nouns

A fall (in): after an initial increase in the production of cars there was a significant fall

A decrease (in): the initial decrease in workload was later on compensated

A decline (in) there was a slight decline in transport after 2010

A reduction (in): overall there was a significant reduction in death and disability from chronic diseases

A drop:  the yearly return would see a meaningful drop from 9.2 to 5.4 percent.

A downfall: there was a substantial downfall of 13.7% in shares

 

Verbs

To fall: the birth rate fell slightly

To decrease: after an initial increase the overall consumption decreased dramatically.  

To decline: California vehicle thefts declined spectacularly  in 2017

To drop: the overall profit dropped suddenly after a steady rise.

To reduce: the company reduced about 7% of its expenses in 2015

To go down:Property taxes went down slightly.

To slide: Amazon shares slid modestly by 2 percent.

 

Going down a lot

Verbs

To plummet: prices plummeted more than 30% in April.

To dive: oil prices dove significantly in the late 2000’s

To plunge:  the export of wood plunged to 6%.

To take a nosedive: Chinese investment in U.S. commercial real estate took a nosedive in 2017

To go into free-fall: American coal industry went into free fall.

To collapse: the overall demand in meat collapsed

To deteriorate: the production deteriorated.

 

Going down steadily

Noun Phrases

A downward trend: Gun violence in Chicago continues steadily on a downward trend

A downward tendency: cargo traffic carried by Russian airlines showed a downward tendency for the first time since since October 2016.

 

Going up and down

Nouns

A dip (in): in 1967 there was a small dip in sales
A fluctuation (in): there were enormous fluctuations in precipitation over the whole period.

 

Verbs

To fluctuate: The number of visits to the Site fluctuated dramatically between 20,000 and 40,000 in the first eleven days.

To vary: The overall sales figures varied slightly on a daily basis.

To dip: The employee satisfaction score dipped slightly in 2012 and remained at this level for the next three years.

 

Staying the same

Nouns

A constant: The expenditure of the office remained constant for the last 6 months but the profit rose by almost a quarter.

A plateau: According to the line graph, in the United Kingdom the CO2 emissions reached a plateau at about 11 metric ton.

 

Verbs

To level out: the data show that church membership in the United States has leveled out

To level off: accidental deaths leveled off over the four years

To remain constant : The expenditure of the office remained constant for the last 6 months but the profit rose by almost a quarter.

To stay constant: Goods transported using pipeline in the UK from 1974 and 2002 stayed constant at 20 million tonnes during 1994 up to 2002

To remain unchanged:The population of the country remained almost unchanged in the last 3 years.

To stay unchanged: the number of crimes reported stayed fairly unchanged for five years.

To remain steady: The number of fishers remained steady in South America with an average of 3 million

To plateau: China decelerated its carbon emissions during its 12th five-year plan in 2011-2015 and plateaued emissions in the current 13th plan of 2015-2020.

To reach a plateau: According to the line graph, in the United Kingdom the CO2 emissions reached a plateau at about 11 metric ton.

To remain the same:  The trends of more oil production remained the same in all countries in 2005 except in Qatar

To stay the same: the production of energy from hydroelectric power stayed the same (i.e. 5%) in both decades.

To remain stable:The number of men in this sector remained mostly stable over the period.

To stay stable: the number of Marriage remained stable but the cases of divorce increased by roughly 0.4 million.

To remain static: Afterwards, revenue dropped and in next two years remained static at approximately 3.8 billion

To stay static: the number of Indonesia students remained static between 1992 and 1995 at 10,000 students
To stabilize: the number of cases stabilized until 1984

 

Adjective

Unchanged: the number of male employees in these sectors had remained largely unchanged.

 

Big changes

Adverbs

Sharply: The population in the UK increased sharply from the 1850 onward

Suddenly: The waste recycling rates in the US increased suddenly in 1985

Rapidly: The waste recovery rate grew rapidly from 16.7 million tons on 1985 till…

Abruptly:  The birth rate dropped abruptly at the beginning of the 20th century.

Dramatically: The clean energy investment rose dramatically in 2009

Significantly: The number of train passengers increased significantly in 2001

Considerably:The number of people taking the car to get to work increased considerably in the last 50 years

Markedly: Overall, the population over the age of 65 grew markedly in the last half a century.

Substantially: In the last 20 years the size of the global robotic market rose substantially.

Noticeably: The total amount of internet users in Vietnam grew noticeably in the last 15 years.

 

Adjectives

Sharp: There was a sharp increase in the in-person enquiries over the mentioned period.

Sudden:There was a sudden drop in the American GDP in 2012

Rapid: There was a rapid decrease in the consumption of butter in 1986

Abrupt: In 1993 there was an abrupt drop in car thefts for the UK

Dramatic: In the 3rd quarter there was a dramatic drop in the sales figures for Zed runner.

Steep: Overall, there was a steep decrease in the total honey production over the given period.

Significant: There is a significant difference between the overall spending habits of men and women.

Considerable: Generally, there is a considerable increase in hours spend by teachers doing other activities that do not involve teaching.

Marked: There is a marked difference between the amount of clothes importer from China over the 2 periods.

Substantial: There was a substantial decrease in the amount of unemployed women in 1997

Spectacular: The population grew spectacularly in Bombay in 2010.
Sharp: Overall, there is sharp contrast between the different expenditures in the different countries.

Noticeable: Rent prices increased noticeably in the last two decades.

Overwhelming: There is an overwhelming difference between peak and off peak usages of the metro line.

 

Small changes

Adverbs

Slightly: The amount of internet connections increased slightly in the cities.

Gently: The time spend eating out increased gently over the provided period.

Modestly: The percentage of people never married increased modestly over the measured time period.

Marginally: The total amount of people employed in the company increased marginally.

Moderately: The amount of franchised restaurants grew moderately the last 2 years.

Slowly: The amount of money spend on books rose slowly between 1976 and 1983

 

Adjectives

Slight: there was a slight increase in the amount of steel produced in July.

Gentle: Overall, there was a gentle increase in the prices of apples over the provided period.

Modest: Over the given period there was a modest increase on the money spent on books.

Marginal:There was a marginal reduction of the amount of tourists visiting Malaysia after 2001

Moderate: There was a moderate reduction in the amount of people immigrating.

Slight: in 2003 there was a slight surge in the amount of ice cream consumed.

 

Similar changes over a longer period of time

Adverbs

Gradually:The total water usage grew gradually over the past three decades.  

Steadily: The total of books borrowed from the library dropped steadily over the given period.

Consistently:  The measured temperature in Antarctica grew consistently over the past century.  

 

Adjectives

Gradual: There was a gradual decrease in the time spent preparing food over the last three decades.

Steady: Over the past decades there has been a steady growth in the IT sector.

Consistent: Between 1976 and 1996 there was a consistent growth in the amount of pasta consumed in Europe.

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